I just went through the fairly painful exercise of compiling mod_python 3.3.1 on a 64-bit RHEL 5 server. RHEL 5 ships with Python 2.4.3 and mod_python 3.2.8. I needed mod_python to be compiled against Python 2.5.1. I had already compiled and installed Python 2.5.1 from source into /usr/local/bin/python2.5. The version of Apache on that server is 2.2.3.
I first tried this:
# tar xvfz mod_python-3.3.1.tar.gz
# cd mod_python-3.3.1
# ./configure --with-apxs==/usr/sbin/apxs --with-python=/usr/local/bin/python2.5
...at which point I got this ugly error:
/usr/lib64/apr-1/build/libtool --silent --mode=link gcc -o mod_python.la \
-rpath /usr/lib64/httpd/modules -module -avoid-version finfoobject.lo \
hlistobject.lo hlist.lo filterobject.lo connobject.lo serverobject.lo util.lo \
tableobject.lo requestobject.lo _apachemodule.lo mod_python.lo\
-L/usr/local/lib/python2.5/config -Xlinker -export-dynamic -lm\
-lpython2.5 -lpthread -ldl -lutil -lm
relocation R_X86_64_32 against `a local symbol' can not be used when making a shared object;
recompile with -fPIC
/usr/local/lib/python2.5/config/libpython2.5.a: could not read symbols: Bad value
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
apxs:Error: Command failed with rc=65536
I googled around for a bit, and I found this answer
courtesy of Martin von Loewis. To quote:
It complains that some object file of Python wasn't compiled
with -fPIC (position-independent code). This is a problem only if
a) you are linking a static library into a shared one (mod_python, in this case), and
b) the object files in the static library weren't compiled with -fPIC, and
c) the system doesn't support position-dependent code in a shared library
As you may have guessed by now, it is really c) which I
blame. On all other modern systems, linking non-PIC objects
into a shared library is supported (albeit sometimes with a
performance loss on startup).
So your options are
a) don't build a static libpython, instead, build Python
with --enable-shared. This will give you libpython24.so
which can then be linked "into" mod_python
b) manually add -fPIC to the list of compiler options when
building Python, by editing the Makefile after configure has run
c) find a way to overcome the platform limitation. E.g. on
Solaris, the linker supports an impure-text option which
instructs it to accept relocations in a shared library.
You might wish that the Python build process supported
option b), i.e. automatically adds -fPIC on Linux/AMD64.
IMO, this would be a bad choice, since -fPIC itself usually
causes a performance loss, and isn't needed when we link
libpython24.a into the interpreter (which is an executable,
not a shared library).
Therefore, I'll close this as "won't fix", and recommend to
go with solution a).
So I proceeded to reconfigure Python 2.5 via './configure --enable-shared', then the usual 'make; make install'. However, I hit another snag right away when trying to run the new python2.5 binary:
python: error while loading shared libraries: libpython2.5.so.1.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
I remembered from other issues I had similar to this that I have to include the path to libpython2.5.so.1.0 (which is /usr/local/lib) in a ldconfig configuration file.
I created /etc/ld.so.conf.d/python2.5.conf with the contents '/usr/local/lib' and I ran
At this point, I was able to run the python2.5 binary successfully.
I then re-configured and compiled mod_python with
# ./configure --with-apxs=/usr/sbin/apxs --with-python=/usr/local/bin/python2.5
Finally, I copied mod_python.so from mod_python-3.3.1/src/.libs to /etc/httpd/modules and restarted Apache.
Not a lot of fun, that's all I can say.Update 10/23/07
To actually use mod_python, I had to also copy the directory mod_python-3.3.1/lib/python/mod_python to /usr/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages. Otherwise I would get lines like these in the apache error_log when trying to hit a mod_python-enabled location:
[Mon Oct 22 19:41:20 2007] [error] make_obcallback: \Update 01/29/08
could not import mod_python.apache.\n \
ImportError: No module named mod_python.apache
[Mon Oct 22 19:41:20 2007] [error] make_obcallback:
Python path being used \
'/usr/local/lib/python25.zip', '/usr/local/lib/python2.5', \
[Mon Oct 22 19:41:20 2007] [error] get_interpreter: no interpreter callback found.
I owe Graham Dumpleton
(the creator of mod_python and mod_wsgi) an update to this post. As he added in the comments, instead of manually copying directories around, I could have simply said:make install
and the installation would have properly updated the site-packages directory under the correct version of python (2.5 in my case) -- this is because I specified that version in the --with-python option of ./configure.
Another option for the installation, if you want to avoid copying the mod_python.so file in the Apache modules directory, and only want to copy the Python files in the site-packages directory, is:
From Will Kessler:
"You might also want to add a little note though. The error message may actually be telling you that Python itself was not built with --enable-shared. To get mod_python-3.3.1 working you need to build Python with -fPIC (use enable-shared) as well."