Friday, March 07, 2014

More on haproxy geolocation detection and CDN services

In a previous blog post I described a method to do geolocation detection with haproxy. The country detection was based on the user's client IP. However, if you have a CDN service in front of your load balancer, then the source IPs will all belong to the CDN server farm, and the closest such server to an end user may not be in the same country as the user. Fortunately, CDN services generally pass that end user IP address in some specific HTTP header, so you can still perform the geolocation detection by inspecting that header. For example, Akamai passes the client IP in a header called True-Client-IP.

In our haproxy.cfg rules detailed below we wanted to handle both the case where our load balancer is hit directly by end users (in case we bypass any CDN service), and the case where the load balancer is hit via a CDN.

1) We set our own HTTP headers containing the country code as detected by geolocation based on a) the source IP (this is so we can still look at the source IP in case we bypass the CDN and hit our load balancer directly) and b) the specific CDN header containing the actual client IP (True-Client-IP in the case of Akamai):

http-request set-header X-Country-Src %[src,map_ip(/etc/haproxy/geolocation.txt)]

http-request set-header X-Country-Akamai %[req.hdr_ip(True-Client-IP,-1),map_ip(/etc/haproxy/geolocation.txt)]


2) We set an ACL that is true if we detect the presence of the True-Client-IP header, which tells us that we are hit via Akamai:

acl acl_akamai_true_client_ip_header_exists req.hdr(True-Client-IP) -m found

3) We set an ACL that is true if we detect that the country of origin (obtained via Akamai's True-Client-IP) is US:

acl acl_geoloc_akamai_true_client_ip_us req.hdr(X-Country-Akamai) -m str -i US

4) We set an ACL that is true if we detect that the country of origin (obtained via the source IP of the client) is US:

acl acl_geoloc_src_us req.hdr(X-Country-Src) -m str -i US

5) Based on the ACLs defined above, we send non-US traffic to a specific backend, IF we are being hit via Akamai (ACL #2) AND we detected that the country of origin is non-US (negation of ACL #3) OR if we detected that the country of origin if non-US via the source IP (negation of ACL #4):

use_backend www-backend-non-us if acl_akamai_true_client_ip_header_exists !acl_geoloc_akamai_true_client_ip_us or !acl_geoloc_src_us

(note that the AND is implicit in the way haproxy looks at combinations of ACLs)

6) We also we an HTTP header called X-Country which our application inspects in order to perform country-specific logic. We first set this header to the X-Country-Src header set in rule #1, but we override it if we are getting hit via Akamai:

http-request set-header X-Country %[req.hdr(X-Country-Src)]
http-request set-header X-Country %[req.hdr(X-Country-Akamai)] if acl_akamai_true_client_ip_header_exists


This looks pretty complicated, but it works well :-)


1 comment:

KB said...

Hi I read your previous post about geoip and adding country to haproxy. Any idea about adding city and lat long and other geoip data?

thanks!